free from limitations, restrictions, or exceptions; unqualified

an absolute choice3having unlimited authority; despotic

the absolute truth5not dependent on, conditioned by, or relative to anything else; independent

an absolute term in logic, the absolute value of a quantity in physics6pure; unmixed

absolute alcohol7(of a grammatical construction) syntactically independent of the main clause, as for example the construction Joking apart in the sentence Joking apart, wed better leave now

8(Grammar)(of a transitive verb) used without a direct object, as the verb intimidate in the sentence His intentions are good, but his rough manner tends to intimidate

9(Grammar)(of an adjective) used as a noun, as for instance young and aged in the sentence The young care little for the aged

10(Physics)apostpositive(of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressure

the pressure was 5 bar absoluteComparegauge18bdenoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature

11(Maths)a(Also)numerical(of a value) having a magnitude but no sign

12(Law)(of a court order or decree) coming into effect immediately and not liable to be modified; final

Seedecree absolute13(Law)(of a title to property, etc.) not subject to any encumbrance or condition

(C14: from Latin absolutus unconditional, freed from, from absolvere. See absolve)

nan absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, “the enemy having been beaten

nsometimes not cap1(Philosophy)athe ultimate basis of reality

bthat which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete

2(in the philosophy of Hegel) that towards which all things evolve dialectically

na liquid containing at least 99 per cent of pure ethanol by weight

nthe maximum height above sea level, usually measured in feet or metres, at which an aircraft can maintain horizontal flight

Compareservice ceilingabsolute configuration

n(Chem)the spatial arrangement of atoms or groups in a chemical compound about an asymmetric atom

nthe humidity of the atmosphere expressed as the number of grams of water contained in 1 cubic metre of air

Comparerelative humidityabsolute judgment

n(Psychol)any judgment about a single stimulus, e.g. about the value of one of its properties or about whether it is present or absent

Comparecomparative judgmentabsolute magnitude

nthe magnitude a given star would have if it were situated at a distance of 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) from the earth

na number of votes totalling over 50 per cent, such as the total number of votes or seats obtained by a party that beats the combined opposition

Comparerelative majorityabsolute monarchy

Compareconstitutional monarchyabsolute music

nmusic that is not designed to depict or evoke any scene or event

n1(Also called (not in technical usage))perfect pitchthe ability to identify exactly the pitch of a note without comparing it to another

2the exact pitch of a note determined by vibration per second

nanother name forthermodynamic temperatureabsolute threshold

n(Psychol)the minimum intensity of a stimulus at which it can just be perceived

Comparedifference thresholdabsolute unit

n1a unit of measurement forming part of the electromagnetic cgs system, such as an abampere or abcoulomb

2a unit of measurement forming part of a system of units that includes a unit of force defined so that it is independent of the acceleration of free fall

n(Maths)1the positive real number equal to a given real but disregarding its sign. Written x . Where r is positive, r = r = –r

2(Also called)modulusa measure of the magnitude of a complex number, represented by the length of a vector in the Argand diagram: x + iy = square root (x2 + y2), so 4 + 3i = 5

na full name forviscosityused to distinguish it from kinematic viscosity and specific viscosityused to distinguish it from kinematic viscosity and specific viscosityabsolute zero

nthe lowest temperature theoretically attainable, at which the particles constituting matter would be in the lowest energy states available; the zero of thermodynamic temperature; zero on the International Practical Scale of Temperature: equivalent to –273.15C or –459.67F

nthe final decree in divorce proceedings, which leaves the parties free to remarry

English Collins Dictionary – English Definition & Thesaurus

Absoluteabsolute alcoholabsolute ceilingabsolute configuration

This term means leaving a discussion after you achieve an

[Fig.] E.g.: My presentation was so successful. It was the ultimate mic drop.

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