The best and worst performing absolute return funds over the past three years have been revealed.

Data from FE Analytics, covering the period from the January 1, 2016, to January 1, 2019, shows the 524m Polar Capital UK Absolute Equity fund returned 57 per cent in the three year period, placing it considerably ahead of the next best performer, the 800m Man GLG Select Alternative fund, which returned 20 per cent.

In total, investors ploughed 7.2bn into absolute returnfunds in the three years since the start of 2016.

Absolute return funds have been the subject of criticism from many in the industry, with Abraham Okusanya, principal of consultancy firm Finalytiq, sayingsuch funds were difficult even for investment industry professionals to understand.

He said: The investment industry loves complexity, driven by the twisted belief that complexity should earn a higher fee.

But complexity breeds risk. Complexity makes it harder for investment teams to explain their own strategy. It makes it harder for advisers to conduct adequate due-diligence on a product. And the investor is worse for it. Its the classic lose-lose-lose.

Robin Geffen, founder and chief executive of fund house Neptune, which markets products that directly compete with absolute return funds, said the products were becoming ever more complexand added that the focus onminimising volatility didnt serve a need for investors, as if the investors priority was to minimise volatility they can put the money in a sock and put the sock under the mattress.

Charles Hovenden, a fund manager at Square Mile who focuses on absolute return funds, said the value of the sector will more likely be seen in times of heightened market volatility, rather than in the more benign conditions that have dominated markets for most of the past three years.

Laura Suter, personal finance analyst at AJ Bell, said: So-called safe-haven funds have failed to deliver through the Brexit turmoil, with just one absolute return fund managing to deliver a positive return in each of the past three years.

In the three years over the Brexit processjust 64 absolute return funds out of 105 delivered a positive return. However, the three-year figures hide big volatility in the funds, and the only one to deliver a positive return in each of those three years was Natixis H2O MultiReturns.

Ms Suter added: The three-year performance figures over the Brexit market turmoilhighlight the vast disparity and volatility in absolute return funds and show that many are far from delivering in all market conditions.

The worst performer in the sector during the three year period under consideration was the 35m Argonaut Absolute Return fund, which lost 23 per cent.

A representative of the company running this fund said: The Argonaut Absolute Return Fund has been at the top of the sector in fourof the last six calendar years, and a top quartile performer since launch in 2009.

Financial Adviser is the premier weekly newspaper for UK based financial intermediaries.

Money Management is the professionals independent adviser, containing a wealth of in-depth features and unique fund performance statistics.

The Financial Times and its journalism are subject to a self-regulation regime under the FT Editorial Code of Practice:

© The Financial Times Ltd 2019 FT, Financial Times, Money Management, FTAdviser and Financial Adviser are trademarks of The Financial Times Limited and their associated companies. No part of this publication may be reproduced or used in any form without prior permission in writing from the editor.