was an annual listing of the top 500Americancompanies produced byThe list was calculated by combining five factors: sales, profits, assets, market value, and employees.The list was last issued in March 2003 (based on 2002 data for the companies); it is no longer calculated each year and has been replaced by theForbes Global 2000, which includes non-U.S. companies but is calculated on a similar basis as the old Forbes 500 (although it does not include employees).
Various methods exist in determining the largest corporations. Forbes Magazine, for example, takes into consideration profit, revenue, market capitalization, and value of assets when ranking companies by size; the magnitude of any one of these factors alone may not necessarily be indicative of a firms overall ranking.
The value of a firmsassetsis typically derived from a companys ability to generate cash via its ownership and control of inputs and/or distribution of the final product. Banks and financial institutions, for example, tend to have a large number of assets due to loans and investments, however, a large portion of these do not actually belong to the firm since these assets are customers deposits.
Fortune 500ranks companies by revenue. This method is heavily biased towards distributors such asWalmart, which may have a high volume of sales but may be operating on very thinprofit margins.
Another method might be to look at themarket capitalizationof the company. However, this price is dictated by the perceived value of the company and its prospects. At one point in the late nineties,Cisco Systemswould have been the biggest company by this measure, however thedot-com bubblecrash reduced its perceived value dramatically. Another example would , which despite being barely profitable, has a very large market cap rivaling or exceeded established American companies due to the general market sentiment about its innovations.
List of corporations by market capitalization
. March 28, 2003.Archivedfrom the original on June 18, 2013
Articles needing additional references from August 2018
This page was last edited on 27 January 2019, at 10:04